What is GHS
GHS (Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labeling of Chemicals) is a technical guidance published in 2003 by the United Nations (UN), also referred to as the UN GHS/purple book, which is used to address the classification of chemicals by types of hazard and harmonized hazard communication elements, including labels and safety data sheets. Now the lastest version is the 9th rev. UN GHS. It aims at providing a basis for harmonization of rules and regulations on chemicals at national, regional and worldwide level.
Global GHS Implementation
GHS provides the flexibility to allow countries to adopt the building blocks that they require to meet domestic requirements. There may be differences in categories adopted by different countries. However, the overall information such as label elements (pictograms, signal words, hazard and precautionary statements) are harmonized.
The main areas and countries like Europe Union, US, Japan, Korea, China, Brazil, etc. have continuously implemented GHS. In the other words, almost all the industrial countries in the world have implemented GHS or will implement GHS very soon. Even though it is called a "harmonized system", every country or area still has its own specific requirement, such as language or some differences in regulation details.
November 1st 2014
Mandatory classification for chemicals listed in the Hazardous chemical inventory (2015). A 24H Emergency Phone Number. Language in Chinese.
Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008
Refer to CLP Annex VI for mandatory classification of listed chemicals. Languages of member states are required.
First Aid and Fire Prevention Information are required on the label. Language in English.
JIS Z 7252-2019
JIS Z 7253-2019
Some substances have recommended classifications. Language in Japanese.
MOEL NO. 2020-130
Refer to mandatory classification list for toxic subtances. Language in Korean
2015.2.11 (grace period until 2017.5.31)
Language in English and French.
Refer to CLP Annex VI.
Language in Portuguese.
Language in Spanish.
Refer to ICOP 2014 mandatory classification list. Language in English and Malay.
Language in Thai.
Regulation No. 23/M-IND/PER/4/2013
Language in Indonesian
Language in Traditional Chinese
- SDS/Label Authoring
- EUCLP-REGULATION (EC) No 1272/2008
- China GHS-GB/T 17519-2013&GB/T16483-2008
- Japan GHS-JIZ Z 7253:2019
- Korea GHS-MOEL NO.2020-130
- Taiwan GHS-CNS 15030
- US GHS- Hazcom 2012
- Canada GHS- WHMIS 2.0
- Turkey GHS- SEA No. 28848
- Brazil GHS- NBR 14725:2014
- Mexico GHS- NMX-R-019-SCFI-2011
- Malaysia GHS- CLASS 2013
- Thailand GHS- B.E. 2555
- Indonesia GHS- Regulation No. 23/M-IND/PER/4/2013
- GHS of other countries and areas: Russia, South-East Asia, Australia, New Zealand, etc.