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Brazil's REACH-like Regulation is Approaching

from CIRS by


On September 26, 2023, the Commission on Constitution, Justice and Citizenship (CCJC) in Brazil published PL 6120/2019. CCJC approved the bill on May 9, 2023, and sent it to the Federal Senate for further consideration. 

PL 6120/2019 proposes setting up a national chemical inventory as a national database to collect information on chemicals imported or manufactured in Brazil with hazard characteristics. If PL 6120/2019 is approved, Brazil will be the fourth country in South America that has chemical management regulations, following Peru, Chile, and Colombia.

The following substances are exempted from Bill PL 6120/2019:

Radioactive substances.

Chemicals under development.

Chemicals specifically used for research use.

Non-isolated intermediates.

Chemicals used for national defense.


Chemical substances, mixtures, and articles under customs control, which are temporarily stored in free zones or free warehouses with the purpose of being exported again, or are in transit.

Substances are unintentionally produced during storage due to environmental factors such as air, light, humidity, and microorganisms.

Products that are regulated by specific laws and regulations:

a) manufacturing technologies of food;

b) manufacturing technologies of food accessories;

c) manufacturing technologies of food additives;

d) pharmaceuticals and medical gases;

e) pesticides and related products, premix, and technique products;

f) cosmetics, toiletries and perfumes;

g) disinfectants;

h) products for veterinary uses;

i) products used for animal feed;

j) fertilizers, inoculants, and correctives;

k) wood preservatives; and

l) environmental restoration agents.

The following substances, except those that have been chemically modified or are composed of or contain substances harmful to health or the environment according to the Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS):

  1. Ores and their concentrates, and other rocks and minerals, including components for manufacturing coal, coke, crude oil, natural gas, liquefied natural gas, natural gas condensate, gas, and minerals;
  2. Natural substances;
  3. Fats, essence oils, and fixed oils extracted by the method of grinding, pressing, or bleeding, even if purified, as long as they yield a product with the same characteristics as the original product; and
  4. Glass and ceramics

Narcotic drugs, psychotropic drugs, and immunosuppressive agents.

Substances that are exclusively used as ingredients of tobacco and derivatives.

Metallic alloys in the form of plates, sheets, strips, billets, ingots, beams, and other similar items for structural purposes.

Explosives and their accessories.

Substance declaration

Chemicals or mixtures manufactured or imported in volumes of over one ton per year (1t/a) (average amount over the last three years) are required to make declarations. Polymers are required to make declarations at or above 1t/a. Specific chemicals may be subject to a declaration threshold of less than 1t/a. Mixtures, articles, and polymers of low concern are not subject to declarations.

Declarations must include the following information:

  • The identification data of manufacturers and importers specified in regulations;
  • The annual production and import amount of chemical substances;
  • The exact identification of chemicals including names and CAS number (if they exist) issued by the Chemical Abstracts Service (CAS) or the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC);
  • Hazard classifications made under GHS and current Brazilian regulation; and
  • Recommended uses of chemical substances.

Any change to the above information must be submitted before March 31, of the following year.

Generally, the information submitted to the National Chemical Inventory will be made public. However, in accordance with Article 31 of the Freedom of Information Act, personal information will be protected. Industrial or commercial trade secrets will be treated as confidential, and manufacturers or importers may request protection for the identity and CAS number of chemicals for a maximum period of five years.

Registration of new chemical substances

Once the existing chemical substance list is settled, those not included are considered as new chemical substances. Manufacturers or importers must register any new chemicals or mixtures produced or imported annually in quantities equal to or exceeding 1 ton, in accordance with the declaration requirements mentioned above. Manufacturers or importers shall provide additional information for new chemicals if they meet the priority assessment criteria as follows:

Risk assessment

Chemicals under priority risk assessment must be selected based on the following criteria:

  • Persistence and environmental toxicity;
  • Bio-accumulation and environmental toxicity;
  • Persistence, bio-accumulation, and environmental toxicity;
  • Carcinogenicity, mutagenicity, and reproductive toxicity;
  • Endocrine disruptor characteristics based on scientific evidence;
  • Hazards equal to human and environmental exposure; and
  • Substances bound to an international agreement, treaty, or convention of which Brazil is a party or is included in an international alert.

Chemicals that do not meet the aforementioned criteria but may have a severe impact on human health or the environment will be under priority risk assessment. The Brazilian government will establish the Chemical Substance Assessment Technical Committee and the Chemical Substance Review Committee.

The Chemical Substance Assessment Technical Committee will propose recommendations for chemicals to undergo priority risk assessment based on technical evidence, which will be submitted to the Chemical Substance Review Committee.

The Chemical Substance Review Committee will regularly publish its work plan for chemical substance risk assessments. To support the risk assessment, the Chemical Substance Review Committee will utilize information and research results provided by recognized organizations both domestically and internationally. Manufacturers and importers may be required to provide information, research, and SDS. According to the regulations, the deadline for manufacturers and importers to submit information and additional research is 120 days.

It is important to note that the regulation specifies that animal testing should be considered as the last resort for determining the hazard of chemical substances and should only be used when all alternative methods have been exhausted.

Risk management measures

Based on the risk management of chemicals, the Deliberative Committee on Chemical Substances of Brazil may take one or more of the following measures:

  • Improve information dissemination and promotional strategies related to chemicals;
  • Manufacturers and importers are required to formulate and implement risk management plans to reduce risks;
  • Labels and SDS of chemicals, mixtures, or products must be adjusted (where applicable);
  • Concentration limits for chemicals in mixtures or products must be specified;
  • The production, import, export, trade, and use of chemicals must be restricted;
  • Authorization management for the production and import of chemicals; and
  • Prohibition of the production, import, export, trade, and use of chemicals.

Manufacturers and importers of chemicals subject to risk management measures may be required to regularly provide information to the National Chemicals Inventory. The specific frequency and content of information will be determined by the Chemical Substance Review Committee.

PL 6120/2019 also introduced “representante exclusivo” (similar to an Only Representative in the EU) for foreign manufacturers. This allows Brazilian entities to act as representatives for foreign manufacturers, assuming all responsibilities and obligations on their behalf within Brazil.

To implement the national chemical inventory in an effective way, the Brazilian government will formulate regulations related to the management of chemicals within 180 days after the promulgation of PL 6120/2019 and computer systems shall be developed or adjusted within three years.

CIRS Warm Reminder

Statistics from the Brazilian Chemical Industries Association show that chemical imports in Brazil reached $5.1 billion this year by July with an import volume of five million tons. This brings the highest import value record this year, and it marks a 50% surge compared to the 3.3 million tons imported in February. The approval of PL 6120/2019 means a lot to the development of the chemical industry in Brazil and its international standing, which also underscores the importance of keeping consistent with international standards and regulations, making a crucial step in its modernization. At CIRS we will stay focused on the development of the Brazilian regulations for chemicals and update our news in a timely manner.

If you need any assistance or have any questions, please get in touch with us via

Further Information

Official Notice

Attention: Brazil REACH Regulation is Coming


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